Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act
of 1973 prohibits discrimination on the basis of disability.
Students in regular or special
education are entitled to the related services and program and policy
modifications that enable them to attend school and benefit from their
Disability is defined as any
physical or mental impairment that affects one or more body systems or
substantially limits one or more major life activities, for example, breathing.
US Department of Education regulations implementing
S. 504 require schools to follow procedures to safeguard parents' rights, to
ensure that decisions about a child's needs and how they will be met are fair
and appropriate, and to ensure that schools and parents act as equal partners
in planning and decision-making. (The Civil Rights of Students with
Hidden Disabilities under Sec. 504, U.S. Department of Education - Office for
Identify the child's special interests,
strengths and talents. (The child's health should not be the exclusive
theme of any staff or parent discussion.)
Identify the child's condition,
summarized health history, current health status.
Identify the child's treatment,
treatment routines, variations in treatment, and treatment goals for all health
Identify the child's level of knowledge
about his/her condition, self-care goals, appropriate tasks for self-care.
What are the child's medication,
equipment, and devices?
How will medication be administered,
monitored, supervised, and documented?
Any special words or terms that the
family and student use to talk about child's condition, medication, other
What do parents and the student want
classmates and their parents to know?
What are the child's feelings about
What are the siblings' feelings? Are
there other sibling issues?
What special emergency plans and
procedures are necessary?
Who is the parents'
Plan for ongoing teamwork
and communication. Teacher and parent need to discuss observations and
guidelines if child's condition, medication or other aspects of treatment
affect the child's:
or stamina temperament
How do school routines, policies, staff
roles and responsibilities match student's
needs? What adjustments or changes are necessary in staffing, training,
equipment or equipment maintenance to reduce risk to a child's health, safety
What communication and curriculum
planning will reduce disruption to learning and peer relationships during
periods of frequent or intermittent absence, variable stamina, temporary
restrictions, treatments, illness or hospitalizations?
What is the teacher/administrator's/
school nurse's relationship with
student's physician(s)? Who is the parent's school contact?
How will medication/treatment be
administered and health monitored?
When should the teacher/school nurse
consult/inform the parent or physician(s) about a change in student's health
What special emergency provisions are
What planning should be done with local
rescue team and nearest emergency treatment center?
What places, materials, supplies,
events or situations require special caution or guidelines to ensure preventive
measures are implemented and that staff have appropriate knowledge of child's
The world endures solely by virtue of the breath of school children. (Talmud)